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Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA): symptoms and treatment

Forms, symptoms, and treatment of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA)

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis: People see arthritis as a disease that affects only the elderly, but young people also develop arthritis for a variety of reasons. Read on for more information on juvenile arthritis.
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA): symptoms and treatment
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA): symptoms and treatment

Forms of juvenile arthritis

Arthritis is a disease that causes inflammation in one or more joints of the body. It may, however, include surrounding tissues or tendons.
  • Juvenile arthritis affects children and young adolescents and includes many forms.
The most common are these:
  • Systemic arthritis. This is one of the most common forms of juvenile arthritis. The term is defined as arthritis affecting several systems of the body or the entire body.

  • Oligoarthritis. A child diagnosed with oligoarthritis has inflammation on less than five joints. This form of juvenile arthritis is more common in girls than in boys. It mainly affects the wrists, hands, and knees.

  • Arthritis. Arthritis includes five joints or more generally, all on the same side of the body. Arthritis is most similar to arthritis in adults.

  • Arthritis-related to enthesopathy. This form of arthritis affects the bones of the back, hips, and eyes. Signs of enthesopathy-related arthritis are most common in areas where tendons and bones are fusing.


Surprisingly, the most common symptom of juvenile arthritis is that there are no symptoms.
  • In these cases, a diagnosis is often given after an x-ray, blood test or injury.
When symptoms are present, children with juvenile arthritis often experience the same symptoms as adults, which includes:
  • Joint stiffness

  • Joint, muscle or bone pain

  • Visible swelling in the affected area (s)

  • A limp

  • A slight fever

  • A rash

  • Unexplained weight loss

Fatigue treatments

The first thing your child's doctor will suggest is a change of diet.
  • Some foods are responsible for worsening the symptoms of arthritis by causing inflammation.

  • Dietary changes usually include eliminating processed foods and increasing whole grains and vegetables.
Another common treatment for juvenile arthritis is the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • These oral medications immediately reduce swelling, which relieves most of the symptoms listed above.

  • If the pain is severe, pain medications may also be prescribed.

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