Pneumonia About: Symptoms treatment causesPneumonia was considered to be a life-threatening condition until some time ago, but now it is not so. However, even if the disease is severe holding, may be life-threatening, but the number has been significantly reduced. Pneumonia usually bothers children and older people more often. But, it can happen to any age and gender person.
Pneumonia is a lung infection, which is caused by bacteria, viruses, fungus or parasites. Its most important is the swelling of the lungs air sac, or the fluid is filled in it. Pneumonia sometimes takes a serious form. In this situation, the condition of the person becomes very bad and his life can go away too. However, this disease can happen to young and healthy people, but for the elderly, children, people who are already suffering from any disease or whose immune system is weak, this disease can be very dangerous.
In the United States, more than three million people have pneumonia each year, and about 17 percent of them are treated in hospitals only. Most people recover from this disease, but five percent of people suffer from death due to illness.
|Pneumonia About: Symptoms treatment causes|
Types of Pneumonia
There are five types of pneumonia -
Bacterial pneumoniaThis type of pneumonia is caused by various bacteria, the most common of which is Streptococcus pneumoniae. This usually occurs when the body becomes weak in some way, such as illness, lack of nutrition, old age or immune problems in the body, whereby the bacteria go into the lungs. Bacterial pneumonia can affect all ages but if you drink alcohol, smoke, are weak, recently you have surgery , you have respiratory disease or viral infection, or your immune system is weak, so you have pneumonia The possibilities are much more.
Viral pneumonia is caused by various viruses including
this type of pneumonia influenza (flu). If you have viral pneumonia, you are more likely to have bacterial pneumonia.
Mycoplasma pneumoniaThis type of pneumonia has some different symptoms and it is called
Aspiration pneumoniaThis type of pneumonia occurs from food, liquid, gas or dust. It is also known as Necrotizing Pneumonia, Anaerobic Pneumonia, Aspiration Pneumonitis and Aspiration of Vomitus. Sometimes this type of pneumonia is difficult to cure because people who have aspiration pneumonia are already sick.
Fungal pneumonia (Fungal pneumonia)This type of pneumonia is caused by different spatial or opportunistic fungi (Fungus). This causes fungal infections, such as Histoplasmosis, Coccidioidomycosis and Blastomycosis. It is difficult to diagnose fungal pneumonia.
Pneumonia SymptomsThe main symptom of pneumonia is
- Fever (you may have sweat and shiver)
- Difficulty breathing or breathing fast
- Chest pain or discomfort
- Loss of appetite
- Breathe rapidly
- low blood pressure
- Coughing up blood
- Beating speed
- nausea and vomiting
Pneumonia symptoms are often similar to other chest infections such as bronchitis. You will need to consult your doctor for proper diagnosis.
Pneumonia CausesPneumonia can be caused by viruses, bacteria, fungus, or parasitic organisms or other organisms.
- Many types of bacteria can cause pneumonia.
- In most cases, pneumonia-causing organisms (such as bacteria or viruses) do not even detect the test, but
generallyit is caused by Streptococcus Pneumoniae.
- Mycoplasma Pneumoniae, which is caused by mycoplasma
nemone, is sometimes lighter and is also called "walking pneumonia".
- Pneumonia can also occur with viruses such as influenza A (flu virus) and respiratory susceptible virus (RSV).
- People with immune system problems may also be pneumonia due to other organisms such as Pneumocystis
Jiroveci. This fungus often causes pneumonia in those people who have AIDS .Some doctors may suggest HIV testing if they think that pneumonia is due to Nimochostis Jirovichi.
Prevention of PneumoniaUnder the Global Immunization Program this year, a new vaccine has been introduced to protect children in India, which is called pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) . This new vaccine will be available to those children who need it (especially poor children). Millions of children will get this vaccine for free. This vaccine protects the children from pneumococcal diseases such as pneumonia and meningitis.
Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) has been introduced in Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar and will be done in other states as well. This vaccine is given in 3 doses. This vaccine will provide protection against 13 kinds of pneumococcal bacteria, which can lead to pneumonia.
The main ways to avoid pneumonia are:
Vaccine ensurevaccines are available to prevent some types of pneumonia and flu. Vaccinations change over time, so consult your doctor even if your pneumonia is vaccinated.
Vaccination of children: The doctor advises different pneumonia vaccines for children under 2 years of age and children of 2 to 5 years. Doctors also advise flu shots for children older than 6 months.
Take care of the cleanlinessWash your hands regularly to protect yourself from respiratory infections (which sometimes involve pneumonia).
Smoking does not cause much damage to your lungs.
Keep your immune system healthy get enough sleep, exercise regularly and eat a healthy diet.
Diagnosis of PneumoniaPhysical examinationYour doctor will listen to the speed of your lungs from the stethoscope. If you have pneumonia, then when you breathe, your lungs make some sounds. In some parts of your chest, breathing sounds can be difficult to hear.
Chest X-rayIf your doctor is suspected of having pneumonia, he can get it done.
Some patients may require other tests such as
- Examine the counting of white blood cells and blood tests to detect the germ in your blood.
- Check to see arterial blood gases whether your lungs are getting enough oxygen in your blood or not.
- CT (or CAT) scan so that better lung visual effects can be obtained.
- Checking the sputum to see organisms .
- Plurural fluid testing (if there is fluid in the surrounding area of the lungs).
- To measure pulse oxidation, check how much oxygen is running in your blood.
- Bronkoscopy : This is a process to check the lungs of airways, which is done when you are admitted to the hospital and antibiotics do not work well on you.
Pneumonia TreatmentTreatment of pneumonia depends on the type, severity, age and your health of pneumonia. The options for its treatment are-
These medicines are used to treat bacterial pneumonia. It may take some time for you to identify pneumonia bacteria and to choose the right antibiotic for you. If your symptoms are not good, then your doctor may give you another antibiotic.
Cough medicinesThis drug can be used to reduce your cough so that you can relax. Cough helps your lungs loose and leave the fluid, so cough should not be completely cured.
Fever / pain reduction medicinesYou can take them as per fever and discomfort as needed , such as aspirin , ibuprofen, and paracetamol.
However, consult your doctor before taking any medication.Children can be admitted to hospital if:
You may need to be hospitalized if:
You are above the age of 65 years.
You are confused about time, people or places.
Problems in your kidney work
Your systolic blood pressure is less than 90 millimeters Mercury (millimeter Hg) or diastolic blood pressure is 60 millimeters Hg or greater.
Your breath is moving fast.
You need help with breathing.
Your temperature is lower than usual.
Your heart rate is below 50 or above 100.
You can be admitted to ICU if you need a ventilator or if your symptoms are serious.
- They are less than 2 months old.
- They are sluggish or they are feeling very sleepy.
- They are having trouble breathing.
- Oxygen levels are low in their blood.
- They seem dehydrated
Pneumonia Risks & ComplicationsSome factors can increase your chances of getting pneumonia. like -
Environment and lifestyle factors
- Working in a contaminated environment
- Working in the hospital.
- Those who have viral respiratory infections, such as those with flu, are more prone to pneumonia.
- Due to problems like stroke or insanity, you may have pneumonia if you have difficulty in swallowing food. (Read more - Treating stroke )
- Chronic lung disease can also cause pneumonia.
- Due to illness or medicines, people with weak immune systems are more at risk of pneumonia.
people over 65 and children of 2 years or older are at high risk for pneumonia. Pneumonia may also be life-threatening for this age group, so if you have symptoms, consult your doctor immediately.
ComplicationsBacteria in the blood The bacteriathat enter the blood through your lungs can also affect other organisms, which can cause problems in the work of other organs.
Breathing difficulty in takingIf your pneumonia is severe or you have a chronic lung disease may have trouble if you get enough oxygen to breathe. You may also need to be hospitalized and use a ventilator.
Due to the presence of fluid accumulation pneumonia around the lungs, fluid can be formed in the thin space between tissue layers. If the fluid gets infected, you may have to remove it through chest tube or through surgery.
The boil in the lungs gets boiled when there is pus in the lungs area. Fossils are usually cured with antibiotics. Occasionally, a needle or tube is required in the abscess to perform surgery or drainage.
What to avoid during Pneumonia
- The foods you are allergic or sensitive towards.
- Sugar and sugary products, and extremely sweet fruits
- Soft drinks and professionally processed foods.
- All diets that have faked substances, such as preservatives, colors, flavors
- Milk and dairy
products ,because they increase the blubber in the body.
- Coffee and other caffeinated products.
What to eat during Pneumonia
- Try to maintain your normal diet, it is important to have a well-balanced diet to recover.
- In general, you should drink 4 to 6 glasses of water in the day, unless you have been accepted as doing so.
- Take lots of fruit juices, fresh fruit, yogurt , milk shake, lenate meat, fish meal or eggs and cooked vegetables.